Shoulder injuries affect the bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments and other soft tissues of the shoulder joint. They can be minor or serious. Most shoulder injuries result from everyday wear and tear, overuse or the natural process of aging. Symptoms of shoulder injury may include pain, swelling, numbness, changes in temperature or color, or changes in range of motion. Treatment options range from medicine and physical therapy to surgery. Procedures at Bowling Orthopaedics include:
Anatomic Shoulder Replacement
In this variety, the glenoid (socket) is resurfaced with a polyethylene surface of same size and shape. The humeral head is replaced with a metal ball and stem.
Reverse Shoulder Replacement
In this option, the socket is resurfaced with a partial ball or glenosphere. The humeral head is resurfaced with a conforming polyethylene “socket” which is placed onto the stem and inserted into the proximal humerus. Because the “ball” is now on the socket, and the “socket” is now on the humerus, the term “reverse” was coined.
Rotator Cuff Repair
The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons in the shoulder. These four muscles are the supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus, and teres minor. The muscles form a cuff around the shoulder joint and attach at the upper portion of the arm (humerus). These four muscles help to elevate and rotate the arm. The muscles also help to stabilize the ball of the shoulder joint (humeral head) in the socket of the shoulder (glenoid). Rotator cuff injuries create pain at night and with movement, and may also cause weakness depending of the severity of the condition. Rotator Cuff pain is usually the result of inflammation of the tendon (tendinitis) or from a tear. Treatment options including medication, injections, physical therapy and surgery are generally directed based on the condition of the rotator cuff.